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Coinyoshi's Blog

17 Aug 2021

Coins of the German States: Bavaria

| Coinyoshi

Note: Bavarian coin in the photo is authentic, but not from my own collection, as I have no German States coins :(

Bavaria, or Bayern, was (and still is) the largest German State. Its capital is Munich, and it shares a border with Austria, the Czech Republic, and the German States of Hesse and Baden-Württemberg. Its geography consists of many high plateaus, medium height mountains, and many forests. The state itself is known for its history and castles, as well as its large celebration of Oktoberfest and its culture, notably crafts, music, and theatre. Their coins also tell an interesting story, that of the rulers and economy of the state.

Originally, the Bavarian currency was called the Conventionsthaler, and that only lasted for 30 years because it was a confusing system. Plus, who wants to say Conventionsthaler when they talk about money? After that, they used the Gulden, which had two different systems, one starting in 1837 and the next one in 1857. The 1857 system was 2 Heller to a Pfennig, 4 Pfennige to a Kreuzer, 60 Kreuzer to a Gulden, and 5 Gulden and 30 Kreuzer to a Ducat. After the Gulden was gone, King Ludwig II "The Mad" introduced the mark to Bavaria, which was a decimal coinage, which was 100 Pfennige to a mark with 2 mark, 5 mark, 10 mark, and 20 mark coins also being minted.

The mint at Munich has been open for over 850 years and minted most of the Bavarian coins during the German States period. Symbolized by the D mintmark, it is the oldest still-operating business in the city. It has been operating since 1158 and, along with the state of Bavaria, has made coins for the Duchy of Bavaria under the Holy Roman Empire, the country of Austria, the German Empire, the Weimar Republic, Nazi Germany, East Germany, and normal Germany. Three years ago, they minted the Bavarian Medal, celebrating an odd double-anniversary: 100 years of Bavaria joining the Weimar Republic and 200 years of the Bavarian Constitution.

The Bavarian king Ludwig II was one of the biggest reforms in Bavarian coins, switching from the Gulden to the Mark. He was the first king to be pictured on these new coins. Oddly, after his death, coins with the new king's picture were not minted until 1888, but the king, Otto I, actually assumed the throne in 1886, when his brother, the former king (Ludwig), was either murdered or commited suicide. Possibly out of respect for the dead king, who, although he was "insane", had made many reforms with Bavaria's coins, buildings, and ideas.

Two more things: First, I found that a Bavarian coin was one of (if not the) most expensive coins in last year's YN auction. Also, when I looked up Bavarian coins, I was given a website for a type of cryptocurrency called Bavarian-Coin. If anyone wants to know, check out the link down below. NOTE: It does not have any information about the historical Bavarian coins in this blog.

Bibliography:

The Bavarian State Mint (english) » Bayerisches Hauptmünzamt

Coins from the Kingdom of Bavaria - Numista

Bavaria-Coin: Bavaria Cryptocurrency (Bayerncoin)

Bavarian 2 mark coin | Currency Wiki | Fandom


Comments

AC coin$

Level 6

Great informative blog .

It's Mokie

Level 6

Thanks for a fun trough Bavarian history, never knew the Munich Mint had been around so long. Good Job!!!

slybluenote

Level 5

Like Gary, I also have lived in Bavaria. I was stationed in Augsburg for a few years. Unlike Gary, I do not own any coins from the area except for a few Deutsch marks that I brought back with me. Very informative blog. Thanks for sharing!

coinsbygary

Level 5

I own several coins from Bavaria and a few that are very scarce. Follow these links to view them: https://coins.www.collectors-society.com/wcm/coinview.aspx?sc=392074 https://coins.www.collectors-society.com/wcm/coinview.aspx?sc=269513 https://coins.www.collectors-society.com/wcm/coinview.aspx?sc=232726 I actually lived in Bavaria near Munich many years ago. The last coin I am posting I bought at a coin shop in Bavaria: https://coins.www.collectors-society.com/wcm/coinview.aspx?sc=15626

Kepi

Level 6

Nice informative blog. Thanks for all your research! ; )

Longstrider

Level 6

Great, informative blog. I learned a lot from you and your bibliography. OFF TOPIC: I once bought a totaled BMW Bavaria. Great car, after I straightened it out.

Mike

Level 7

Excellent blog and your bibliography is right on . I found some of the things they said. They do wonders. That's why we ask for them. I learned again today. Thanks so much.

Golfer

Level 5

Nice blog. Very interesting. Those old mints from years ago are fascinating.

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