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I. R. Bama's Blog

29 Oct 2020

American Indians and U.S. Coins #2 Pratt's Gold Indians: The Man on the Coin (part 2)

Coins-United States | I. R. Bama

Of all our coins that depict American Indians and imagery associated with them, only one coin featured the likeness of one individual. That man was Chief Hollow Horn Bear and he is a notable figure in history in his own right, which is why his image was used on a coin, a1922 stamp and a1970 $10.00 military payment certificate (often referred to as MPC). Be sure to check out Longstrider's recent blog featuring his MPC with the Chief's image on it.


Chief Hollow Horn Bear was born in March 1850 and was a Broule Lakota Sioux. One of seven sons, he was born to Wants Everything and Chief Iron Shell.During the post bellum era of American Western Expansion beginning at age 12 and he had also engaged in warfare against the Pawnee Indians at age 16. He went on to participate in 31 battles in the Sioux Wars. As a child, he and his mother had been prisoners of war after the Battle of Ash Hollow and held at Fort Laramie for a month before being released when he was 5 years old.

Frequent battles broke out between the tribes and the pioneers, miners and the Union Pacific Railroad as well as the U.S. Cavalry during the post bellum period of western expansion of the nation, He was a particpant in the Battle of Rosebud which led up to the Battle of Little Big Horn. You can read a fascinating interview of Chief Hollow Horn Bear's account of the Battle of Little Big Horn and his personal actions during the battle at the link below:
https://www.astonisher.com/archives/100voices/hollow_horn_bear_little_big_horn.html

When he would "fight no more no forever" (Chief Joseph quote), in 1880 he went to Washington DC to negotiate with the government representing the Rosebud reservation and in 1881 he became the police chief there. He became an influential diplomat and traveled on many occasions to Washington to negotiate many important interests of the Sioux nation, He met with very high officials in the cabinet as well as President Theodore Roosevelt and President Woodrow Wilson and participated in both of their inaugural parades. He was was able to negotiate conditions that were not ideal, but at least more favorable for his people due to the respect the government had for him as a representative of his people. He also argued an important case before the Supreme Court over the precedence pf the Tribal Justice system over the U.S. justice system which was affirmed in the court's decision.

Sadly, after participating in the dedication of the American Indian Memorial and participating in Wilson's inaugural parade, he contracted pneumonia and died. His funeral in Washington was attended by important tribal chiefs of the Blackfoot, Crow and Sioux tribes.

Sources:
https://www.legendsofamerica.com/hollow-horn-bear/

https://histanthro.org/clio/death-of-an-indian-leader/


Comments

Mal_ANA_YN

Level 4

A proud people. It is a shame this new country could not follow their example in so many ways!!!

Kepi

Level 6

Great history lesson! Really enjoyed your writing and photos!

slybluenote

Level 5

I resemble all of the above remarks. Great post Bama. I also am somewhat familiar with Native Americans. Growing up in SW Virginia, we were located near the Cherokee and I have visited their reservation in N.C. several times. Living in Central N.Y. (I live in Onondaga county) we are settled among the Oneida, Seneca, and Erie tribes. It was great learning about this man and how he contributed to his people. Thanks for blogging buddy!

TheNumisMaster

Level 5

I have done so reading on him. A very fascinating and noteworthy man. Thanks for the info, much of this was new to me. Cheers, NM

He was a notable man, and a face I enjoy seeing on currency. Great Blog I.R. Bama!

Stumpy

Level 5

Lets see.....History, Coinage, Knowledge, Pictures, Yup, can't get no better than that. Nuff Said, Thanks Bama, Later!

CoinsInHK

Level 3

Finally, the long-awaited sequel! Really though, thanks for the blogs. I'm understanding a lot more about this part of American history now. Keep up the stellar work.

Mokie

Level 6

Thank You for illuminating an important person in American history, I learned something today, for that I am grateful.

Golfer

Level 5

Nice history lesson. The MPC are very interesting also, as I had not heard of them before the blog by Longstrider. I remember the stamp when they came out. Amazing times back then, and unfortunately the native Indian did not make out to well when all the Europeans came to settle and take over their lands.

"SUN"

Level 6

Nice Blog. Enjoy learning.

Longstrider

Level 6

Excellent blog. Thanks for the shou tout. You went into much greater detail than I did. I am so glad of that. I read that link you mention and it is amazing. All your research really shows here. I enjoyed this very much. Thanks..

Mike

Level 7

I enjoyed this and learned. Can't ask for more. We talk about our history. They are the first americans. And how we treated them I would call a crime. They were put on reservations not allowed to speak there language they cut there hair. The Chokwa Indian nation donated 700.00 to the Irish when they had no food. When I met the Chief he spoke better Gaelic than most Irish. And they helped us during the war speaking there languages so the enemy could not understand. Thanks for a great blog on a great American.

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