Anybody got a water bottle to spare?
Welcome to the Sahara, were we visit the nation People's Democratic Republic of Algeria (which sounds Commie but is a semi-presidential republic).
We can trace the history of Algeria back to 200,000 BC, where hominids roamed the area. Neanderthals also could trace their roots to Ain Hanech. These people were renowned for their blades. These blade makers would mix with other groups and become the Berbers, the indigenous people of North Africa. From Carthage, a group of Berbers known as the Carthaginians would become an empire, ruling much of the Mediterranean until Hannibal's mistake. This led to the destruction of the army by the Scipio-led Roman Republic, and total defeat when the Roman's took Carthage. After ruler Masinissa's death, the Berbers split each other, with the Romans sneaking into Alegria during the chaos. They would rule the area until the Germanic Vandals took over in 435.
During the early 8th century, the Muslim Caliph under the Umayyad Caliphate conquered Algeria (and Egypt and Libya and Tunisia before it), converting the nation to Islam. During the Middle ages, the area was home to many scholars and saints. During the 1500's, the Berbers were controlled by the Ottomans, though the control was rocky as plague struck the area repeatedly. The Dey, an autocrat, took over, but was assassinated. 28 deys would follow, with 13 out of the remaining 28 falling victim to assassination. During the late 1790's, desperate for money, an independent group of pirates began raiding US Navy ships, sparking the Beginning of the USMC and USN, during the Barbaby Wars.
No longer fearful of the Ottomans, the French invaded and captured Algiers. It was peaceful until the 1950's. Sensing weakness in the French army, reeling from destruction in WWII, the people started war with the French Army. It was so crazy that prisoners would write notes using blood, and an anthem to the movement was written on cell walls using blood. After 2 million dead Algerians and 25,600 dead French Army men, President Charles de Gaulle, after seeing what a determined enemy could do to an army (ahem, the Nazis), and a far-right group attempt to kill him to not make the FLA pull out of Algeria, he pulled the French out of Algeria, and gave the nation independence.
In 1991, the Islamic Salvation Front won elections, causing more democratic legislative members to cancel the elections. The militant wing of the ISF soon started to kill people, starting Civil War. The ISF massacred thousands by 2002. The total death toll was 100,000. During the 2010's, Arab Spring was held to little effect.
Today, Algeria is a relatively unstable nation.
Most of the nation is located along the coast of Algeria, as the middle is just barren desert. The currency is known as the dinar (ÙŠÙ†Ø§Ø±). The word is derived from the Roman Denarius. After the Algerian people won independence from the French, the Franc was to be used for a few years until a national currency could be developed and distributed. On April 1st, 1964, the Algerian New Franc was discarded for the dinar at the same exchange rate. This currency is seldom used, as dinars are used only on paper. In speech, the franc is referenced, with the franc being used more in the marketplace.
In 1964, coins in 1, 2, 3, 10, 20, and 50 centimes, and 1 dinar were introduced. The 1, 2, and 5 centimes were struck in light-weight aluminum, the 10, 20, and 50 centimes in aluminum bronze, and the 1 dinar in clad. The 1 and 2 centime and 5, 10, and 20 were trashed as inflation rose in the nation. A 200 dinar was introduced in 2012 to celebrate the 50th Birthday of the nation. Inflation ran rampant in the nation, with the amounts all being multiplied by ten.
Bills were also introduced at independence. The amounts included 5-, 10-, 50-, and 100-dinar notes. Before Civil War, a 500- and 1000-dinar note was introduced. The 100- dinar note is soon to be replaced by the coin.
Thanks everyone, and see you on our US Road trip later!
Please ask Numimaster (Preston) for link. I have been providing the editing Link.
Link to TheNumisMaster's website and Centsearchers Newsletter. On his behalf, I am asking for subscribers. It is completely free. -www.numismastery.weebly.com
Guess the Song Lyrics- Last Time- Thiller- Michael Jackson
You're wondering who I am
Machine or mannequin
With parts made in Japan
I am the modern man
I've got a secret I've been hiding under my skin
My heart is human, my blood is boiling, my brain I.B.M.
So if you see me acting strangely, don't be surprised
I'm just a man who needed someone, and somewhere to hide
To keep me alive, just keep me alive
Somewhere to hide to keep me alive