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Anakin104's Blog

26 Dec 2022

Indian or Native American People on US Coins

| Anakin104

Have you ever known the history of thoseIndian or Native American People on US Coins, some of which honor people? Join me while I tell you their history.
The Indian penny depicts Liberty, who is wearing a traditional Indian headress. The first form featured a laurel wreath and the words ONE CENT on the reverse. This design was changed the next year to an oak wreath, a small shield and the words ONE CENT. Before the issuance of five cent pieces these coins were called 'nickels ' or 'nicks'. When the nickels finally got issued, the new nickname was 'white cents'. In the Civil War, almost all gold, silver coins and eventually copper nickel cents vanished. In large cities, coins about the size of the cent started trickling out of the merchants as a replacement for the cent. The Act of April 22, 1864 made those merchant coins illegal and then the Mint issued a bronze cent. In 1864, a sharper portrait of Longacre's design was edited to includeLongacre's initial, L, which is located on Liberty's neck. This design lasted from 1864 to 1909 when it was replaced by the Lincoln cent.
The Buffalo, Bison or Indian nickel debuted in 1913, and lasted until 1938. In it's first year, there were two designs, one with the bison on a mound, and one with the base with a straighter, thinner line. James E. Fraser, the designer of this coin, employed three different Native Americans for the Indian in this coin's obsverse design. He based the bison off of 'Black Diamond' from the Central Park Zoo. Always watch for rare Buffalo nickels because aBuffalo nickel from 1918 from Denver sold for $287,500 because the eight in the date was over a seven. In 2001, the Mint issued a commemorative silver dollar for the Indian nickel. This commemorative contains the original portrait in finer detail, plus it still containsJames E. Fraser's initial, F, under the date. These were only minted in Denver and in Philadelphia.
Starting in 2022, the US Mint is honoring five women a year for four years, totaling twenty women honored. Their unique designs are placed on the quarter dollar, which bears the design from a George Washington commemorative dollar in 1999.This series is set to end in 2025. Even though we are only one year into the series ,we already have an American woman who was a Native American from the Cherokee tribe. Wilma Mankiller was the first female principal chief in the history of her people, the Cherokee nation . Her title only lasted ten short years, but during her administration she revitalized the Cherokee nation with her ideas of extensive community development, education and health care programs.
Native Americans are one of the strongest backbones in American history. Some of the designs on coins, some of which I have told you about depict Native Americans. Whether it is on a penny, nickel, quarter, or even a silver commemorative dollar, it is always a great time when you collect coins with Native Americans on them, but the time is even better when you know the history behind them.

Comments

AC coin$

Level 6

Many aspects of our Nation's history are shown thru coinage. It goes beyond the values or denominations. Thanks for your blog.

Kevin Leab

Level 4

Great blog!! My ancestors on my mothers side are Chiricahua Apache, which is probably why I love the Indian on the Buffalo nickel. It's definitely one of my favorites. I'd like to see them on our modern paper currency as well.

Rebelfire76

Level 4

Indeed Native American Indians are a center point of the earliest days of the nation. The honor being bestowed upon them by the U. S. Government is long over due. I particularly am quite found of the coins the mint has produced with depictions of Native Americans, their culture, and contributions. Maria Tallchief will be another Native American honored this year on the reverse of a 2023 quarter AND the reverse of the 2023 Native American Dollar.

Kepi

Level 6

Nice blog! I really enjoyed it! I collect Buffalo Nickels. That 1918/7 is the last one I need for my album... Maybe when I hit lotto! haha ; )

Long Beard

Level 5

Well researched blog subject. I myself have nearly all of what you've covered since the appeal of the American Indian has long interested me. Still holding out for that 1918/7!

Kepi

Level 6

I'm looking for that Buffalo too! haha ; )

user_9073

Level 5

SACAGAWEA?????

Longstrider

Level 6

P.S. I noticed you named this blog for Indian or Native Americans. People are VERY worried they may use the "incorrect" term. Where I live in the High Desert, all the casinos , and there are a lot, in the Palm Springs area are called Indian Casinos. That is what they call themselves. I'm reckon it is different in different areas.

Longstrider

Level 6

Interesting blog. I found a W. Mankiller yesterday in change. I'm not a collector of these but it does look cool. Very well done break down. Thanks and carry on.

Golfer

Level 5

2022 to 2025 honoring 20 women will be a popular series of coins, I believe. Thank you for a informative and interesting blog. The site needs more quality blogs.

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